class WLANWiPy – WiPy specific WiFi control 类WLANWiPy - WiPy特定WiFi控制 ============================================

注解

This class is a non-standard WLAN implementation for the WiPy. It is available simply as network.WLAN on the WiPy but is named in the documentation below as network.WLANWiPy to distinguish it from the more general network.WLAN class. 这个类是WiPy的非标准WLAN实现。 它可以简单地称为``network.WLAN`` 在WiPy上却被命名为 文件如下为``network.WLANWiPy``来区分它和 更普遍的::ref:`network.WLAN <network.WLAN>`类。

This class provides a driver for the WiFi network processor in the WiPy. Example usage:: 这个类为WiPy中的WiFi网络处理器提供一个驱动程序。用法例子:

import network
import time
# setup as a station
# 设置为工作站
wlan = network.WLAN(mode=WLAN.STA)
wlan.connect('your-ssid', auth=(WLAN.WPA2, 'your-key'))
while not wlan.isconnected():
    time.sleep_ms(50)
print(wlan.ifconfig())

# now use socket as usual
# 现在像往常一样使用套接字
...

Constructors 构造函数 ————

class network.WLANWiPy(id=0, ...)

Create a WLAN object, and optionally configure it. See init() for params of configuration. 创建一个WLAN对象,并可选地配置它。参见’ init() ‘获取配置参数。

注解

The WLAN constructor is special in the sense that if no arguments besides the id are given, it will return the already existing WLAN instance without re-configuring it. This is because WLAN is a system feature of the WiPy. If the already existing instance is not initialized it will do the same as the other constructors an will initialize it with default values. ``WLAN``构造函数是特殊的,如果除了id之外没有参数, 它将返回已经存在的``WLAN``实例,而不需要重新配置它。这是 因为``WLAN``是WiPy的一个系统特性。如果已经存在的实例不是 它将做相同的其他构造函数,an将初始化它的默认值 值。

Methods 方法 ——-

WLANWiPy.init(mode, \*, ssid, auth, channel, antenna)

Set or get the WiFi network processor configuration. 设置或获取WiFi网络处理器配置。

Arguments are: 参数:

  • mode can be either WLAN.STA or WLAN.AP.

  • mode 可以是``WLAN.STA`` 或 WLAN.AP

  • ssid is a string with the ssid name. Only needed when mode is WLAN.AP.

  • ssid 是一个具有ssid名称的字符串。只有当模式是``WLAN.AP``时才需要。

  • auth is a tuple with (sec, key). Security can be None, WLAN.WEP, WLAN.WPA or WLAN.WPA2. The key is a string with the network password.

  • *auth*是一个具有(sec, key)的元组。安全可以是``None``, WLAN.WEP, WLAN.WPAWLAN.WPA2。密钥是一个带有网络密码的字符串。 If sec is WLAN.WEP the key must be a string representing hexadecimal values (e.g. ‘ABC1DE45BF’). Only needed when mode is WLAN.AP. 如果``sec`` 是 ``WLAN.WEP``密钥必须是表示十六进制的字符串 值(e.g. ‘ABC1DE45BF’)。只有当模式是``WLAN.AP``时才需要。

  • channel a number in the range 1-11. Only needed when mode is WLAN.AP.

  • channel 一个范围在1-11的数字。只有当模式是``WLAN.AP``时才需要。

  • antenna selects between the internal and the external antenna. Can be either WLAN.INT_ANT or WLAN.EXT_ANT.

  • antenna 在内部和外部天线之间选择。可以是 WLAN.INT_ANT or WLAN.EXT_ANT

For example, you can do:: 例如,你可以:

# create and configure as an access point
# 创建并配置为访问点
wlan.init(mode=WLAN.AP, ssid='wipy-wlan', auth=(WLAN.WPA2,'www.wipy.io'), channel=7, antenna=WLAN.INT_ANT)

or:

# configure as an station
# 配置为工作站
wlan.init(mode=WLAN.STA)
WLANWiPy.connect(ssid, \*, auth=None, bssid=None, timeout=None)

Connect to a WiFi access point using the given SSID, and other security parameters. 使用给定的SSID和其他安全措施连接到WiFi接入点 参数。

  • auth is a tuple with (sec, key). Security can be None, WLAN.WEP, WLAN.WPA or WLAN.WPA2. The key is a string with the network password.

  • *auth*是具有(sec, key)的元组。安全可以是``None``, WLAN.WEP, WLAN.WPA or WLAN.WPA2。密钥是一个带有网络密码的字符串。 If sec is WLAN.WEP the key must be a string representing hexadecimal values (e.g. ‘ABC1DE45BF’). 如果``sec`` 是 ``WLAN.WEP``密钥必须是表示十六进制的字符串values (e.g. ‘ABC1DE45BF’)

  • bssid is the MAC address of the AP to connect to. Useful when there are several APs with the same ssid.

  • *bssid*是AP要连接的MAC地址。当有几个时很有用 具有相同ssid的APs。

  • timeout is the maximum time in milliseconds to wait for the connection to succeed.

  • timeout 等待连接成功的最大时间(以毫秒为单位)。

WLANWiPy.scan()

Performs a network scan and returns a list of named tuples with (ssid, bssid, sec, channel, rssi). Note that channel is always None since this info is not provided by the WiPy. 执行网络扫描并通过(ssid、bssid、sec、channel、rssi)返回一个命名元组列表。 注意通道总是``None``因为WiPy不提供此信息。

WLANWiPy.disconnect()

Disconnect from the WiFi access point. 断开WiFi接入点。

WLANWiPy.isconnected()

In case of STA mode, returns True if connected to a WiFi access point and has a valid IP address. In AP mode returns True when a station is connected, False otherwise. 在STA模式下,如果连接到WiFi接入点并且有一个有效的IP地址,返回``True``。 在AP模式下,当站点连接时返回``True``,否则返回``True``。

WLANWiPy.ifconfig(if_id=0, config=['dhcp' or configtuple])

With no parameters given returns a 4-tuple of (ip, subnet_mask, gateway, DNS_server). 返回一个4元组*(ip, subnet_mask, gateway, DNS_server)*。

if 'dhcp' is passed as a parameter then the DHCP client is enabled and the IP params are negotiated with the AP. 如果``’dhcp’``是作为参数传递的,那么dhcp客户端是启用的,IP参数 都是与美联社协商的

If the 4-tuple config is given then a static IP is configured. For instance:: 如果给定了4元组配置,则配置一个静态IP。例如:

wlan.ifconfig(config=('192.168.0.4', '255.255.255.0', '192.168.0.1', '8.8.8.8'))
WLANWiPy.mode([mode])

Get or set the WLAN mode. 获取或设置WLAN模式。

WLANWiPy.ssid([ssid])

Get or set the SSID when in AP mode. 在AP模式下获取或设置SSID。

WLANWiPy.auth([auth])

Get or set the authentication type when in AP mode. 在AP模式下获取或设置身份验证类型。

WLANWiPy.channel([channel])

Get or set the channel (only applicable in AP mode). 获取或设置频道(仅适用于AP模式)。

WLANWiPy.antenna([antenna])

Get or set the antenna type (external or internal). 获取或设置天线类型(外部或内部)。

WLANWiPy.mac([mac_addr])

Get or set a 6-byte long bytes object with the MAC address. 获取或设置一个具有MAC地址的6字节长的字节对象。

WLANWiPy.irq(\*, handler, wake)

Create a callback to be triggered when a WLAN event occurs during machine.SLEEP mode. Events are triggered by socket activity or by WLAN connection/disconnection. 创建一个回调,当WLAN事件发生时,在``machine.SLEEP`` 模式。事件由套接字活动或WLAN连接/断开触发。

  • handler is the function that gets called when the IRQ is triggered.

  • handler 是当IRQ被触发时被调用的函数。

  • wake must be machine.SLEEP.

Returns an IRQ object. 返回一个IRQ对象。

Constants 常量 ———

WLANWiPy.STA
WLANWiPy.AP

selects the WLAN mode 选择WLAN模式

WLANWiPy.WEP
WLANWiPy.WPA
WLANWiPy.WPA2

selects the network security 选择网络安全

WLANWiPy.INT_ANT
WLANWiPy.EXT_ANT

selects the antenna type 选择天线类型